The fluffy, or long-haired, French Bulldog is the same as a normal purebred Frenchie, just fluffier. There is a recessive gene that sometimes appears in litters and causes these animals to grow a longer coat. It is now being intentionally bred across the world. A Fluffy French Bulldog is not a crossbreed like many suspect them to be especially based off their appearance. While you may come across crossbred Frenchies, their physical appearance will be much different due to their different ancestry. In this case you can get long-haired French Bulldogs by breeding two purebred Frenchies together. This can also be true if both parents are standard short-haired dogs. You don’t need to breed two long-haired French Bulldogs together to a long-haired pup.
What is the long-haired gene?
Dogs have their own unique genetic makeup depending on their breed ancestry. The gene for the longer coat is an autosomal recessive gene called an FGF- a Fibroblast Growth Factor- Lh. This is a gene that produces a layer of fur that has higher capillary length. You may see a pairing of Sh/Lh, where the Lh gene is cancelled out by the more dominant gene for the shorter coat (Sh). Therefore, you won’t see any change in the appearance of the dog. Or in the event there is a Lh/Lh pairing, where the dominant short-haired gene isn’t present, the recessive gene becomes the one to determine the coat type.
How Does This Happen?
The long hair gene is recessive and there are five variants. When two Frenchies have this gene and are bred, they pass it onto their offspring giving their Frenchie puppy two copies of the long hair gene. This may result with a puppy having longer hair. Since this gene is an autosomal recessive trait, there is no genetic dominance. For example, two Frenchies with the long hair gene can be bred and have a long haired dog, but this doesn’t mean that both parents actually display the long hair trait. Just as in humans, a baby can be born with red hair because both parents carry the gene but neither parent will have red hair.
A dog with two copies of the recessive gene can be affected and will pass on the gene every single time. If they do not have the recessive gene, then the dog will not produce any offspring that are long-haired.
How Can You Find This Gene?
A common argument you may come across is that the long-haired French Bulldog is a mixed breed; mixed with a Pekinese is a common assumption or a long hair Chihuahua. It is unsure if this has happened in the past, but the breed was developed in the 1800s and was a cross between an English Bulldog and local ratter dogs in France. Some may argue that these “local ratter” dogs could have been long coated or had the long hair gene which has been carried throughout the generations.
Luckily with science today you can do DNA tests that detect the gene. Now breeders have the chance to use a genetic tool known as breed identification test to determine scientifically the breed descendants of a dog. How do we get the fluffy look in French Bulldogs? The chances are high if both the parents have the gene. However, they are halved when only one of the parents has the gene. There is still a low chance of the litter turning out to be long-haired. Breeders do the testing if they do not want the litter to turn out differently and to be bred like the standard.
Where Can You Find This Dog?
Many have put into question whether or not a Fluffy Frenchie is considered a purebred. Many French Bulldog experts do not consider the fluffy Frenchie as part of the breed standard. There is nothing inherently wrong with these fluffy Frenchies, they just aren’t recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), and United Kennel Club (UKC).
If you have fallen for this type of French Bulldog then you must know that this type is very rare. There are reputable breeders who will breed them and be happy to talk to you. You can research the internet and make sure the breeder you are talking to is a genuine breeder who is not doing this just for the money. Learn more about long-haired French Bulldogs and gather all the information you can have on them.
Many breeders of long-haired French Bulldogs have been putting these pups on the internet and are gaining popularity in the market. You need to make prior plans if you want to buy the long-haired French Bulldog for sale. Find a breeder that takes good care of their dogs and is breeding them for their health and not for a profit.
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